(*last updated March 2015)
Key Resources for Biological Anthropology
Foundational, Historical Documents
· Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
o Possible hyperlinks:
· Nuremberg Code, 1949
http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/archive/nurcode.htmlo Possible hyperlinks:
· Declaration of Helsinki, 1964, and subsequently amended six times (most recently 2008)
o Possible hyperlinks:
· Belmont Report, 1979
o Possible hyperlinks:
· U.S. Animal Welfare Act, 1966 plus all amendments through 2008)
· U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Act, 1973
Selected International Documents
· For the 10 Core International Human Rights documents, see http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CoreInstruments.aspx
· Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, 2005
· International Declaration on Human Genetic Data, 2003
· Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, 1997
Selection of Other Anthropological (or related fields) Organizations’ Codes of Ethics and Guiding Statements
· American Anthropological Association (AAA) Ethics Code, revised 2012
· Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) Code of Ethics, revised 1997
· American Alliance of Museums, Code of Ethics for Museums, revised 2000
· American Psychological Association, Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals, updated February 2014
· Animal Behavior Society, 1991. ‘Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research’, Animal Behavior 41: 183–86.
· American Society of Primatologists (ASP) and International Primatological Society (IPS) Best Practices in Field Primatology, co-approved Fall 2014
· American Society of Primatologists (ASP) Principles for the Ethical Treatment of Non-Human Primates, approved 2001
· British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, Code of Ethics and Code of Practice
· International Council of Museums, Code of Ethics, revised 2004
· International Primatological Society (IPS) Guidelines for the Use of Nonhuman Primates in Research
· International Primatological Society (IPS) Guidelines for the Acquisition, Care, and Breeding of Nonhuman Primates, revised 2007
· National Academy of Sciences.1995. On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct in Research, 2nd ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
· Society of American Archaeology Ethics Code, adopted 1996
· World Archaeological Congress Code of Ethics, adopted 1990
Other Useful Resources
· Ethics Resources from the AAA
· American Association of University Professors, Resources on Professional Ethics
· Animal Ethics Infolink on collecting voucher specimens
· Bioethics resources from the Rock Ethics Institute at Penn State University
· President's Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues
Helpful Articles/Books to Get Started
· Clancy, K.B.H., Nelson, R.G., Rutherford, J.R., Hinde, K., “Survey of academic field experiences (SAFE): Trainees report harassment and assault”, PLOS One 9(7): http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0102172
· Nancy Tuana, "Conceptualizing moral literacy", Journal of Educational Administration, 2007; 45(4): 364-378. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/09578230710762409
o Tuana provides the fundamental elements of moral literacy (ethics sensitivity, ethical reasoning skills, and moral imagination) and breaks down essential components of each.
· Scheinke et al., The Role of the NSF Broader Impacts Criterion in Enhancing Research Ethics Pedagogy, Social Epistemology2008; 23(3): 317-336. DOI 10.1080/02691720903364282. Available at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02691720903364282
o Scheinke and colleagues propose a three-prong approach to the ethical dimensions in scientific research (EDSR) model: procedural ethics, intrinsic ethics, and extrinsic ethics.
· Arthur Kleinman, Anthropology of Bioethics. In Writing at the Margin: Discourse between Anthropology and Medicine. 1997, California University Press. DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520209657.001.0001
o Kleinman identifies anthropological contributions and influences on bioethics.
o Hyperlink to the book’s publisher page: http://www.ucpress.edu/book.php?isbn=9780520209657
· Daniel Wickler and Dan W. Brock, Population-Level Bioethics: Mapping a New Agenda. In Ronald Michael Green, Aine Donovan & Steven A. Jauss (eds.), Global Bioethics: Issues of Conscience for the Twenty-First Century. Oxford University Press (2008)
o Wickler and Brock provide a “Bird’s-Eye Perspective”
o Hyperlink to the book’s publisher page: http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199546596.do
· Paul Farmer and Nicole Gastineau Campos, Rethinking Medical Ethics: A View From Below. Dev World Bioeth. 2004 May;4(1):17-41.
o Farmer and Campos provide an important perspective on issues related to working in “resource-poor settings” and with marginalized people.
o Hyperlink to PubMed abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15086372
· Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 7thEd., Oxford UP. ISBN 0195335708
o Hyperlink to the book’s publisher page: http://www.oup.com/us/catalog/he/subject/Philosophy/Ethics/BioethicsBiomedicalEthics/?view=usa&ci=9780199924585
· Embedding Ethics, Edited by Lynn Meskell and Peter Pels. Berg Publishers. 2005.
o Hyperlink to book’s publisher page: http://www.bergpublishers.com/?tabid=2216
· Genetics: Ethics, Law and Policy, 2nd Edition by Lori B. Andrews, Maxwell J Mehlman, and Mark A Rothstein (American Casebook Series by Thomas West) ISBN 0-314-16293-3.
· Art and Cultural Heritage: Law, Policy and Practice, edited by Barbara T. Hoffman, ISBN-10 0-521-85764-3, ISBN-13 978-0-521-85764-2
· Cultural Heritage Ethics. Constantine Sandis. Open Book Publishers, 2014.
· Canada Panel on Research Ethics: "TCPS 2 (2014) - Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans”.
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