Compiled by the AAPA Ethics Committee, updated March 2015
Key Resources for Biological Anthropology
- Turner, TR (2014)
Large scale collections of biological materials and ethical first
principles. Curator 57(2): 259-267
- MacClancy, J and Fuentes,
A, editors (2013) Ethics in the Field: Contemporary Challenges. New York:
- Turner, TR (2012) Ethical
issues in human population biology. Current Anthropology 53(S5): S222-232.
- Riley, EP and MacKinnon,
KC, editors (2010) Special section on Ethical Issues in Field Primatology.
American Journal of Primatology 72(9): 749-793.
- Turner, TR, editor (2004) Biological
Anthropology and Ethics: From Repatriation to Genetic Identity. Albany:
Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
1964 and subsequently amended (most recently 2013)
U.S. Animal Welfare Act,
1966 (plus all amendments through 2008)
Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Act, 1973
the 10 Core International Human Rights documents, see:
Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, 2005
Declaration on Human Genetic Data, 2003
Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, 1997
of Other Anthropological (or related fields) Organizations’ Codes of Ethics and
Anthropological Association (AAA) Ethics Code, revised 2012
Institute of America (AIA) Code of Ethics, revised 1997
Alliance of Museums, Code of Ethics for Museums, revised 2000
American Psychological Association, Guidelines
for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals, updated February 2014
Animal Behavior Society. 1991.
- Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research, Animal Behavior 41: 183–86.
Society of Primatologists (ASP) and International Primatological Society (IPS)
Best Practices in Field Primatology, co-approved 2014
Society of Primatologists (ASP) Principles for the Ethical Treatment of
Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, Code of Ethics
and Code of Practice
Council of Museums, Code of Ethics, revised 2004
Primatological Society (IPS) Guidelines for the Use of Nonhuman Primates in
Primatological Society (IP)S Guidelines for the Acquisition, Care, and Breeding
of Nonhuman Primates,
National Academy of Sciences. 1995.
- On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct in Research, 2nd
ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press (2121 Constitution Avenue, NW,
Washington, DC 20418).
Society of American Archaeology Ethics Code, adopted 1996
Archaeological Congress Code of Ethics, adopted 1990
Resources from the AAA
Association of University Professors, Resources on Professional Ethics
Ethics Infolink on collecting voucher specimens
resources from the Rock Ethics Institute at Penn State University
Articles/Books to Get Started
K.B.H., Nelson, R.G., Rutherford, J.R., Hinde, K., “Survey of academic field
experiences (SAFE): Trainees report harassment and assault”, PLOS One 9(7): http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0102172
Tuana, "Conceptualizing moral literacy", Journal of Educational
Administration, 2007; 45(4): 364-378. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/09578230710762409
- Tuana provides the
fundamental elements of moral literacy (ethics sensitivity, ethical reasoning
skills, and moral imagination) and breaks down essential components of each.
et al., The Role of the NSF Broader Impacts Criterion in Enhancing Research
Ethics Pedagogy, Social Epistemology 2008; 23(3):
317-336. DOI 10.1080/02691720903364282. Available
- Scheinke and colleagues
propose a three-prong approach to the ethical dimensions in scientific research
(EDSR) model: procedural ethics, intrinsic ethics, and extrinsic ethics.
Kleinman, Anthropology of Bioethics. In Writing at the Margin: Discourse
between Anthropology and Medicine. 1997, California University Press. DOI:
Wickler and Dan W. Brock, Population-Level Bioethics: Mapping a New Agenda. In
Ronald Michael Green, Aine Donovan & Steven A. Jauss (eds.), Global
Bioethics: Issues of Conscience for the Twenty-First Century. Oxford
University Press (2008)
Farmer and Nicole Gastineau Campos, Rethinking Medical Ethics: A View From
Below. Dev World Bioeth. 2004
and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 7th Ed., Oxford UP.
Edited by Lynn Meskell and Peter Pels. Berg Publishers. 2005.
Genetics: Ethics, Law and Policy 2nd
Edition by Lori B. Andrews, Maxwell J Mehlman, and Mark A Rothstein (American
Casebook Series by Thomas West) ISBN 0-314-16293-3.
- Art and Cultural Heritage: Law, Policy and
Practice edited by Barbara T. Hoffman, ISBN-10 0-521-85764-3, ISBN-13
Heritage Ethics. Constantine Sandis. Open Book Publishers, 2014. http://www.amazon.com/Cultural-Heritage-Ethics-Between-Practice/dp/1783740671/ref=sr_1_45?ie=UTF8&qid=1425734343&sr=8-45&keywords=ethics+theories
Panel on Research Ethics: "TCPS 2 (2014) - Tri-Council Policy
Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans”. See http://www.pre.ethics.gc.ca/eng/policy-politique/initiatives/tcps2-eptc2/Default/
- Abandoned Shipwreck Act
of 1987 (ASA),
- 43 U.S.C. § 2101 et.
- Antiquities Act of 1906,
- National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA),
- Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 (ARPA),
- 16 U.S.C. § 470aa et.
- Native Americans Grave Protection and Repatriation Act
of 1990 (NAGPRA),
- 25 U.S.C. § 3001 et.
- National Stolen Property Act (NSPA)
- 18 U.S.C. § 2314 et.
- Animal Welfare Act (AWA)
- 7 U.S.C. § 2131 et seq.
- Endangered Species Act (ESA)
- 16 U.S.C. §1531 et